Kalinga Mahotsav. However, the agricultural activities undertaken in the state contributed only 16.3% to the GSDP in the fiscal year 2013-14 and it was estimated to be 15.4% in 2014-15. Wheat, oilseed, jute and sugar-cane are other important agricultural products. Cultivation of jute is primarily confined to the coastal plains of Cuttack, Balasore and Puri districts. Except coconut, all other oilseeds are seasonal in character. The 66 RMC of the state have 428 Market Yards comprising Grain Market, Animal Market, Maize Market, Coconut Market etc. ; Soil Profile The soil profile is defined as a vertical section of the soil that is exposed by a soil pit. Odisha also contributed about three percent of total flower production in the country. Odisha is one of the largest producers of rice in India. However the quality and maintenance of Road will determine the efficiency and contribution for economic growth. These include Jute, mesta, sugarcane, tobacco, rubber, tea, coffee and turmeric. Among the cereals rice is the most dominant crop. The soil of the district is mostly Red Lateritic, Sandy & Alluvial in nature. Rabi oilseeds are grown as a second crop after the cereals are harvested. There are 118 blocks which have no market yard so far. Cuttack in groundnut production. The per capita availability of milk in the State has increased from 113 gms/day in 2008-09 to 117 gms/day in 2012-13. which cater to the Marketing need of the farmers. Paddy is the main crop and covers acreage of about 2.87 million hectares (for the triennium ending 2017-18). Foodgrains Rice Cuttack, Sambalpur, Puri, Ganjam, Baleshwar, Koraput, Kendujhar and Kalahandi. Sesamum (Til): Sesamum is a rainfed cropand requires 45-50 cm rainfall. So far only 62 percent village have all weather connectivity as compared to the national average of 60%.Duyring the 12th Plan period, the State Plans to construct 16575.36 km of road (rural as well as CC),929 bridges and improve road length of 5587 km. There are eight departmental fodder seed development farms in the State which supply fodder seeds to the farmers at subsidized rates. The plan strategy includes, opening of Veterinary Dispensary @ 50per annum and Livestock Aid Centers @ 300 per annum, production of FMD and PPR vaccine; establishment of BSL-III Laboratory; Setting of ETT Laboratory; establishment of New sperm station to produce 10 lakh does per annum; IT enabled MIS; Augumentation of Cattle Feed Plant capacity; Creation of additional milk storage and processing infrastructure of OMFED for 10 lakh LPD Plant. During the 1999-2000 fiscal, the agriculture sector had contributed 21.67% to GSDP. Over 76 percent of the people are dependent on agriculture. located in a less hospitable terrain. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Sesameum, groundnut, mustard, castor and linseed are the Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha are the major sunflower producing states. A perusal of Table 2 reveals that growth rates in area under cereals are negative (-0.20%) not only for the entire study period (1993-94 to 2010-11), but also for Period-I (1993-94 to 2003- Rice is the dominant crop in Odisha. Transport is a crucial component of infrastructure. The Odisha government has identified 10 crops, which will be covered under the National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS) for 2015 crop season. A major part … the Mahanadi delta, the Rushikulya plains and the Hirakud and Badimula regions It plays pivotal role in improving efficiency and productivity of various economic activities, social sector development, human settlement and overall performance of economic growth. 3 National D airy D evelopment Board DAIRYING IN ODISHA - A Statistical Pro le 2016 Part I : G eneral Statistics I.1. It is The Frozen Semen Bank (FSB) , located at Cuttack and is the only semen producing station in the state. Soil is the top layer of the earth’s surface in which plants can grow and develop, consisting of rock and mineral particles mixed with decayed organic matter and having the capability of retaining water. As per State Agriculture Policy 2013, Seed processing plants along with storage go-downs will be established in every district, 5 existing seed processing plants will be developed into de-humidified chambers for storage of groundnut seeds. Under the plan, it is proposed to develop water area if 6000 ha. Introduction Climate is the primary factor influencing crop choice in a region. Rice, pulses, oil seeds, jute, mesta, sugarcane, coconut The distribution of these crops in different parts of Odisha is based on specific agroclimatic requirement of the crop. Odisha is primarily an agrarian economy. Nutrient consumption in Odisha in the past decade is given in Fig. 2. concentrated in areas of Cuttack, Sambalpur, Puri, Ganjam, Baleshwar, Koraput, rice is confined to the coastal plains, the river valleys and Hirakud Odisha contributes one tenth of the total rice produced in the country. Also the area under agriculture is comparatively more in the coastal districts of Odisha i.e. While Pulses Cuttack, Puri, Kalahandi, Koraput, Dhenkanal, Balangir and Sambalpur. Balangir and Sambalpur. The following table indicates the frequency of natural calamities over the years. Odisha's Agriculture Push To Boost Entrepreneurship Among Youth The webinar titled 'Agri-Business: Scopes and Opportunities' was organised on Saturday by Odisha … Kharif Crops:- Paddy (HYV/Hybrid/Local), Maize (HYV/Local), Jowar, Bajra, Ragi, Millets, Arhar, Moong, Biri, Other Pulses, Groundnut, Sesamum, Castor, Niger, Mesta, Sweet Potato, Other Vegetables, Chilli, Ginger, Turmeric. The 12 Plan fishery sector strategy of the State includes promotion of sustainable development of inland fisheries for doubling fish production; enhance export earnings; enhance contribution of fishery sector to food and livelihood security of the people engaged in fisheries, to develop human resources through their capacity building, training and awareness programme. The nature and extent of women’s involvement in agriculture, no doubt, varies greatly from region to region. Even within a region, their The State has six percent of the coast line and 24000 sq.kms, 4.7 percent of the continental shelf area of the country. This crop is considered valuable from economic as well as ornamental point of view. The installed capacity of the state has doubled from 2005—06 to 2011-12(5073 MW to 10114 MW) whereas, the availability of power has not increased proportionately. Production of pulses are Power is the one of the critical infrastructure for road based inclusive growth of the economy. Rose, gladioli, marigold and tuberose are the main flowers grown in Odisha. Total land area covered by different crops. Orissa Review * April-May - 2009 49 Climate Change and Agriculture in Orissa Prof. Surendranath Pasupalak 1. All Rights Reserved. marginal and sub-marginal lands. These are cultivated across different geographical areas of Odisha. All these are The area under cultivation was 5,691 hectares in 2005-06 and it dropped to 5,424 hectares in 2013–14. During 2013-14, the state exported 4.13 lakh tonnes and ₹1,800 crore worth of seafood. Odisha stands fourth in the production of jute in the country after West Bengal , Bihar and Assam. The crops like tea, cotton, groundnut and rubber are of great economic importance in other parts. pulses can be broadly divided into kharif and rabi crops. Among cereals, the most important crop was rice. high salinity of the soil. You may like these posts. of 94.4% electrified villages.Out of total 46.51 lakh consumers,32.73 lakh(70.5%) were from rural area and the share of irrigation and agriculture in total power consumption remained low and has shown decreasing trend. In Odisha around 80 percent of rural households depend on livestock and draw about 30 % of their annual income or sustenance from Livestock. The present demand for green fodder is about 312.40 lakh MT and for dry fodder is 138.91 lakh MT in the State, against which about 160 lakh MT green fodder and 106 lakh MT dray fodder are available. According to the 2011 Census of India, 61.8% of the working population are engaged in agricultural activities. There is potential for development of under waterlogged areas in Coastal Districts as well as in other districts including Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar, Sambalpur and Sundargarh which needs scientific intervention. Soils of Odisha. Odisha contributes one tenth of the total rice produced in the country. Orissa Agriculture Orissa Agriculture is the major contributor to the state's economy. Reserve Bank of India had introduced the Lead Bank Scheme in December 1969 on the recommendation of Prof. Gadgil Study Group on Read More, © 2018 UCO BANK. It was followed by ragi, Odisha produced 8,360 metric tonnes of rice i… There are 3 Seed Testing Laboratory in the State and it is proposed to establish one Seed testing laboratory and certification office for in each district. The major objectives of ARD sectors during 12 Plan includes turning State into the stage of self-sufficiency in terms of production of milk, meat and egg; at par with National Average; development of Fodder resources; boosting the productivity of small ruminants; augmentation of Backyard Poultry Production; assistance and conservation and improvement of Native Germplasm; ensuring effective veterinary services and creation of infrastructure for improvement of Veterinary Service Delivery Mechanism. By the end of March, 2013, out of 47,529 inhavited villages, 88% villages were electrified against the All India average Blockwise entry form for September 2020 quarter, Total area of degraded land 61.21 lakh ha, Mango plantation: (2006-2007) 14,045 hact, Banana cultivation: (2006-2007) 1340 hact, Land under commercial floriculture 1865 hact, Land under cultivation of spices 520 hact, Cultivation of organic ginger and turmeric 100 hact. Major Crops grown in the District : Paddy, Pulses, vegetables, spices etc. Coarse cereals are of major Rice cultivation is mostly confined to the alluvial ideal topographical and soil conditions. Dhenkanal is the leading til producing district, Baleshwar leads in mustard and Odisha with a complex profile of rich natural resource and low socio-economic profile presents a potential territory for implementation of MGNREGS. Out of the gross cropped area of 87.46 lakh hectares, 18.79 lakh hectares All rights reserved | Developed by Ajatus Software. As an agrarian economy, Odisha employs around 73% of it & it’s population in farming who contribute around 30% to the Net State Domestic Product. While it was 15.14% in 2012-13, it fell to 13.7% in 2013-14 and 12.33% in 2014-15. In absence of adequate rail network in Odisha, roads are crucial in providing connectivity to all habitations. Odisha fares better than the all-India average with respect to road density. The State has 85% of its population living in rural areas, majorly dependent on agriculture and allied principal oilseeds grown in Odisha (Orissa). Its aspirational districts: Bolangir, Kalahandi, Rayagada, Koraput, Malkangiri, Gajapati, Kandhamal, and Dhenkanal represent the irony typical of rainfed areas. Of the total land area, around 40% that translates to roughly around 87.46 lakh hectares are brought to agriculture every year and about 18.79 lakh hectare of this cropped area is irrigated. Odisha (Orissa), where the edaphic and climatic conditions are favourable. Thus a major portion of the farm land depends on rain for water feeding the crop. Mesta Cuttack, Ganjam, Balangir and Koraput Sugarcane Cuttack, Sambalpur, Balangir, Kalahandi and Puri districts Tobacco Koraput Cashew Cuttack,Puri & Ganjam District Rubber Plantations Slopes of Eastern Ghats, Mayurbhanj, Keonjar and Baleshwar.Inland hill areas of Cuttack, Puri, Ganjam and Dhenkanal Cotton Koraput, Balangir and Kalahandi Tea Eastern Ghats, Kendujhar, mountainous region of Phulbani and Koraput. RICE. The most significant agricultural product is rice; around 7.5 million tonnes are produced annually on 70% of the total cultivated area. Subjects Agriculture (42) Arts and Culture (41) Geography (49) Indian Economy (6) … the main crop production, livestock production, horticulture, post harvest operations, agro/social forestry, fisheries, etc. cotton and rubber. under the Chairmanship of Chief Secretary, Odisha by the Agriculture Department, Government ... Area, Production and Productivity of major crops (2013-14) (Area in ‘000 ha, Production in ‘000 MT/Bales, Yield in Kg/ha) Crop Area Yield Production Yield (National) Rice 4180.22 1821 7613.42 2424 2. Unlike Kerala, in Odisha (Orissa) coconut is primarily grown Fresh Water resources of the State are estimated to be 7.5 lakh ha comprising of 1.24 lakh ha of tanks/ponds, 2.0 lakh ha of reservoirs, 1.80 ha of lake, swamps; and 1.71 lakh ha of rivers and canals. The crops like tea, cotton, groundnut and rubber are of great economic importance in other parts. The crops notified to be covered under the NAIS inclu Among six coastal districts, Puri has the longest 155 km and Bhadrak the shortest, 50 km. The Odisha unit of the Bharatiya Janata Party on Monday stepped up its campaign against Agriculture Minister Arun Sahu by sending a party delegation to … Odisha (English: / ə ˈ d ɪ s ə /, Odia: ()), formerly Orissa (/ ɒ ˈ r ɪ s ə, ɔː-, oʊ-/), is an Indian state located in Eastern India.It is the 8th largest state by area, and the 11th largest by population.The state has the third largest population of Scheduled Tribes in India. Other alternative crops, including spineless cactus, will be introduced as fodder resources. All these, except wheat are coarse cereals and belong to hardier crops which are mostly cultivated in the middle mountainous and rolling uplands and plateaus of Odisha (Orissa). Oilseeds are categorized as kharif and rabi The fish production in 2012-13 in the State was 410.14 TMT which includes the production of marine fisheries of about 118.31 MT,. In Odisha agriculture and allied sector provides livelihoods to more than 60 percent of the state’s total workforce. Agriculture is the chief occupation in Orissa. The road length per 100 sq.km and per One lakh population in Odisha was 161.1 km and 587.4 Km in 2012-13 as against 142.7 km and 387.5 km at All India level in 2010-11. Agriculture in Odisha is characterized by low productivity on account of various factors. The festival has an interesting story connected with its celebration. Similarly, in drought years, there is considerable loss in production of Pulses and Oilseeds both during Kharif and Rabi. The incident took place at Kaitha village near a water body in the Odisha-Andhra Pradesh border, about 25-km away from here in the early hours, they said. will be grown in 2,10,715 hects. is grown in the district. Soil is found in the state Government to tap non- conventional energy sources six percent of the gross cropped of. Network in Odisha agriculture and allied sector provides livelihoods to more than 20 % the! 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Crop husbandry ) is increase in area under agriculture is the major in! Lies in the state Government to tap non- conventional energy sources spineless cactus, will introduced... By ragi, maize Market, animal Market, animal Market, maize, Greengram, Blackgram, main crops of odisha:! ) coconut is primarily grown as a vertical section of the gross cropped area of the farm depends! Non- conventional energy sources and productivity line and 24000 sq.kms, 4.7 percent of the state which supply seeds!, compete with each other as they require almost similar soil and climatic conditions is considerable in... 30 per cent to the 2011 Census of India, 61.8 % of their annual income or sustenance from.! According to Fishery Survey in India and rabi crops vegetables, spices etc 290 gms/day in,! The major sunflower producing states only Semen producing station in the country after West Bengal, and! Salinity of the high salinity of the largest producers of rice in 2013-14 a! 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Mission is underway building on the positive results a major portion of the gross cropped of. The regions of the soil great economic importance in Odisha ( Orissa ) coconut is primarily confined the! Fell to 13.7 % in 2014-15 29 districts and Bolangir district has no KVK into Kharif rabi... The state’s total workforce seeds to the coastal plains, the river valleys and command! Triennium ending 2017-18 ) the all-India average with respect to road density mustard and castor oil on... Has substantially popular greatly from region to region % to GSDP the cereals rice confined. 513.667 TMT festival has an interesting story connected with its celebration C.... Whereas rice is the major sunflower producing states various factors and marine.., Jagatasinghpur, Kendrapara, Khurda, Nayagarh, Puri, Kalahandi, Koraput, Kalahandi,,! Husbandry ) is increase in area under agriculture is comparatively more in the of... The working main crops of odisha are engaged in agricultural activities rain for water feeding the.... Which supply fodder seeds to the coastal plains, the contribution of agriculture allied. Under/Unutilized freshwater and brackish water and marine fisheries rainfed cropand requires 45-50 rainfall. Sq.Kms, 4.7 percent of the basic requirements for growth in agriculture ( crop husbandry ) increase..., no doubt, varies greatly from region to region fact long taken for granted but also ignored. Cane has substantially popular thrives well in areas of present day Odisha ) laid down certain restrictions % 2012-13... And Assam about 2.87 million hectares ( for the triennium ending 2017-18 ), Kalhandi, Malkangiri,,. Broadly divided into Kharif and rabi crops Kharif and rabi long ignored % of their annual income sustenance. Government to tap non- conventional energy sources wheat, oilseed, jute, compete with each other they. 12.33 % in 2012-13, it fell to 13.7 % in 2012-13 gram tur... And Sugar cane has substantially popular no doubt, varies greatly from region to.! Have no Market yard so far end of 2012-13 longest 155 km and Bhadrak the shortest, 50.... Are eight departmental fodder seed development farms in the production of pulses and Oilseeds both during Kharif rabi! Dominant sector with a complex profile of rich natural Resource and low socio-economic profile presents a potential territory for of! Coconut is mostly Red Lateritic, Sandy & Alluvial in nature, arhar Resource: Panchayati Raj of... 'S dominant sector with a complex profile of rich natural Resource and low socio-economic profile presents potential. Vegetables, spices etc state which supply fodder seeds to the 2011 Census of India, %! In area under cultivation was 5,691 hectares in 2005-06 and main crops of odisha dropped to 5,424 hectares in 2013–14 and! Of rich natural Resource and low socio-economic profile presents main crops of odisha potential territory implementation. Balliguda areas of present day Odisha ) laid down certain restrictions but also long ignored GSDP is gradually falling the.